Argus monitors (aka yellow-spotted monitors) are wonderful lizards that are a sight to behold. With their large size and active behavior, this is a species that you’ll spend a great deal of time admiring.
This guide will cover the essentials of Argus monitor care for any reptile-lover who’s interested in owning one as a pet. You’ll learn about their size, habitat requirements, diet, and more!
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The Argus monitor (Varanus panoptes) is a large lizard species that offers a nice middle-ground for herpetology enthusiasts. Like other monitors, they’re considerably bigger than average reptiles. However, they’re not so massive that raising them in captivity is out of the question.
These smart reptiles can be quite exciting to raise! With their penchant for fast running, swimming, and bipedal standing, they’re a unique species with tons of personality quirks to appreciate.
Argus monitors are native to Australia and the island of New Guinea. The area is quite diverse, resulting in a highly adaptable lifestyle for these lizards. They live near waterways, floodplains, savannah grasslands, and more!
In the pet trade, Argus monitors aren’t as widespread as other reptiles. However, there’s a growing community of pet lizard lovers dedicated to helping these monitors reach their full potential in captivity.
Appearance & Colors
This reptile is nothing short of beautiful. Many interested owners are immediately taken back by its sheer size and build. Like most monitors, the Argus monitor is a stocky creature with powerful legs. Sharp claws offer plenty of digging, climbing, and hunting power.
Coloration can vary a bit, but most monitors have a base color of cream or light yellow. The color is most visible on the belly and underside. Meanwhile, the top of the body features darker reddish-brown or gray spotting.
The high-contrast color combination lends itself to some beautiful markings. The pattern is most brilliant on the tails and sides.
Expert Tip: Generally, younger Argus monitors are more vivid. Some sport traversing bands of yellow and black, which offers even more contrast than the adult color. The lizard’s color dulls a bit as it ages, but it’s still eye-catching nonetheless.
Average Argus Monitor Size
The average size of an Argus monitor is four to five feet in length for full grown males, and three and a half feet for females.
New hatchlings are usually 10 to 12 inches long. The lizards grow quickly, and the size difference between males and females becomes apparent as they mature.
While those measurements seem massive compared to other common types of pet lizards, Argus monitors aren’t the biggest monitor species out there.
With the proper care, the typical lifespan of an Argus monitor is anywhere between 15 and 20 years in captivity. It’s thought that these reptiles live a bit longer in the wild, but data on this is still a bit scarce.
As always, there’s no way to guarantee how long a captive reptile will live. Several factors come into play, including luck, genetics, and where you purchase them from.
That said, the level of care you provide will also impact their life expectancy. Monitors with high-quality diets and pristine living environments are more likely to stave off disease and early death.
Argus Monitor Care
Contrary to popular belief, Argus monitor care isn’t as challenging as it may seem! They’re certainly more involved than a simple gecko or anole, but you don’t need to be a seasoned pro to find success. They’re ideal for experienced enthusiasts looking for a manageable challenge.
Here are some critical care guidelines to get you started.
The biggest obstacle you’ll face when it comes to Argus monitor care is housing. With potential adult lengths of five feet, a stock terrarium isn’t going to cut it! Most owners opt for custom-built enclosures made out of wood and glass.
Expert Tip: A screened habitat is not the best for Argus monitors. Too much airflow can cause some issues stabilizing temperature and humidity levels.
We recommend building an enclosure that’s no smaller than six feet long, four feet wide, and four feet deep. That’s the bare minimum for a solo lizard. If you plan on keeping a pair of these lizards together, you’ll need to go much bigger.
If possible, try to have a slightly larger habitat that’s eight feet long, four feet wide, and five feet tall. The extra enclosure space can accommodate your Argus monitor’s preferences and give you more opportunities to decorate the space to their liking.
What To Put In Their Habitat
Start by adding about two feet of substrate material at the bottom. Argus monitors love to dig and burrow, so providing some diggable substrate will enhance your lizard’s quality of life. Plus, it gives them a chance to create high-humidity refuge to relax in.
Argus monitors adapt well to most loose materials. You can use fertilizer-free soil, coconut coir, cypress mulch, or even play sand. Experiment a bit to get a mixture that works for your lizard. Alternatively, you can invest in commercial reptile sands (but keep in mind that you’ll need a lot of it).
Next, add some basking rocks and clean logs. Try to keep things light to ensure that your monitor doesn’t get injured if they move things around. Aim to use the decorative items for the purpose of creating some above-ground hiding places throughout the enclosure.
Expert Tip: Don’t forget to secure the enclosure with a tight lid or door! Argus monitors like to test their limits. You’ll be surprised by how strong and capable these creatures are! Secure any openings to halt escape attempts.
Temperature & Lighting
As with most pet reptiles, an efficient temperature gradient is a must. Argus monitors thermoregulation themselves by moving to different hot or cold areas. As a result, you must create many “mini-climates” in the enclosure to keep them comfortable.
Here are the temperatures to keep in mind for this gradient:
- On the cooler end, temperatures can hover around 75°F to 80°F.
- The warmer side should be between 95 and 100 degrees.
Lastly, create a hotspot with a basking lamp. Because of the lizard’s large size, many owners recommend using multi-bulb arrangements. You don’t want the basking area to be too small. Otherwise, your Argus monitor might spend too much time in there and get burns on its skin.
This basking area should have temperatures up to 120 degrees or so.
Expert Tip: At night, temperatures can drop to the upper 60s and low 70s. If it gets any lower, you’ll need to use a ceramic heat emitter to keep things stable.
In addition to the standard lighting, you must install UV lamps. Argus monitors have a typical day and night cycle. They rely on ultraviolet rays to synthesize calcium and stay healthy.
Get a full-spectrum UV light arrangement and set it to shine on the entire habitat for at least 10 hours a day.
Humidity levels are not something you can ignore. Argus monitors are used to the tropical environments of Australia and New Guinea. Failure to replicate the moisture-rich air will lead to a host of health problems.
Invest in a hygrometer and use it to keep humidity levels between 60 and 80 percent at all times. There are several ways to do this, but most owners will spritz the enclosure a couple of times every day.
Using moisture-absorbent substrate is a great way to keep the air muggy and your lizard happy!
Argus monitors will stay hydrated primarily through the humid air. However, it’s important to provide some standing water as well.
Use a large, shallow water dish. The dish should be big enough for your Argus monitor to climb in whenever they please. You might see your lizard lapping up water to drink, soaking to cool off, or bathing to soften shedding skin.
Expert Tip: Many of these monitors will also use the dish for defecating. Because of this, you’ll need to keep a close eye on the water conditions. Clean it up regularly and replenish the supply to ensure that your lizard always has access to clean water.
Food & Diet
Argus monitors are predatory animals that will eat pretty much any meat-based food you give them.
They’re surprisingly competent and will quickly make the connection between you and food! These lizards have a high metabolism, so they’re always eager to eat. Some say that they eat more enthusiastically than other monitor species.
The bulk of the lizard’s diet should be whole prey animals. Some good examples include:
- Small lizards
Insects like crickets, cockroaches, and worms also work well. Just make sure to gut-load any insects you provide. Also, dust them with calcium powders a couple of times a week.
You can provide some greenery and vegetables here and there to complement the protein. However, most Argus monitors are going to focus on the meat!
Generally, adults will only require feeding every two or three days. Juveniles, however, will need daily feedings.
Expert Tip: Argus monitors will often plead for food when you approach them. Make sure you don’t overdo things and feed them to the point of obesity. They’ll readily eat enough food to get there, so you must exercise control to keep them healthy.
Potential Health Issues
Argus monitors aren’t susceptible to any particular diseases or conditions, but they are at risk of suffering from all the usual ailments.
One of the most significant issues to be wary of is metabolic bone disease. It occurs when the reptile can’t synthesize calcium properly due to a lack of supplements or UV exposure. The bones become weak and brittle, leading to frequent breaks and tons of pain.
Make sure you have a working UV lamp. You can’t see the UV rays coming from the bulbs, so create alarms every six months or so to replace the bulbs. Also, invest in some good calcium powders. Supplements and adequate lighting should be enough to avoid debilitating bone problems.
Respiratory infections are common as well. These infections affect the lining of the throat and nose. They cause redness, itching, swelling, and discharge.
Improper humidity levels and temperature are usually the cause of respiratory infections, so make sure to stay on top of those parameters.
Bacterial infections, mites, and parasites can also occur. The best way to avoid them is to keep the enclosure clean and stick to our recommended Argus monitor care guidelines. Also, pick up messes as they happen and do a complete habitat sanitization once a month to keep bacteria problems under control.
Behavior & Temperament
Argus monitors are relatively easygoing. They can bite, but it’s rarely out of fear. Bites typically occur by accident because of over-excited feeding, so exercise caution!
These lizards are pretty active in the wild. They’re fast runners and powerful swimmers. Sometimes, they run using only their hind legs and their tail for balance!
Of course, a lot of that speedy activity is not possible in captivity. Because of this, most Argus monitors will spend their days burrowing, exploring, and relaxing. If given the opportunity, they will climb trees and surfaces to better look at their surroundings.
Even in enclosures, these lizards will stand on their hind legs, use their tail to stabilize their body, and take a look around! It’s a unique sight to see.
Expert Tip: Sometimes, this act is more of a warning. They’ll stand tall and inflate their throats to look more intimidating. You may even hear a low hissing noise in a veiled attempt to scare you off.
Take the sign for what it is and back off! If you ignore their warning sign, they could lunge at you!
Argus monitors prefer to be seen instead of handled. They’re not too keen on being confined in your hands. Even those that have a strong bond with owners aren’t crazy about being touched.
Like we mentioned earlier, these lizards will give you plenty of warning signs when they don’t want you around. Please don’t ignore them!
Argus monitors are fully capable of biting and produce a dangerous strain of bacteria. While not particularly dangerous to humans, a bite is still painful nonetheless. If they bite a small animal, such as a pet dog or cat, bites can be fatal.
It’s best to appreciate these lizards with your eyes rather than your hands.
Argus monitor care isn’t as scary as it may seem. Even though these are large creatures that deserve respect, they’re actually not very high-maintenance!
With that being said, don’t attempt to keep this species in captivity if you’re unable to provide it with all of the habitat conditions they require. These lizards need space.
If you have any questions about this species (or some pictures of your pet that you’d like to share), feel free to send them our way!